Germany’s Angela Merkel has said she will step down as chancellor in 2021, following recent election setbacks.
“I will not be seeking any political post after my term ends,” she told a news conference in Berlin.
She also said she would not seek re-election as leader of the centre-right CDU party in December. She has held the post since 2000.
The CDU was severely weakened in Sunday’s poll in the state of Hesse, the latest in a series of setbacks.
Both the CDU and its coalition partners, the Social Democrats, were 10 percentage points down on the previous poll there – even though they remain in power in Hesse.
The election comes just weeks after Mrs Merkel’s Bavarian sister party, the CSU, suffered huge losses in a state parliament vote.
Parties like the AfD and the Greens have grown in national support following the 2017 general election, as backing for the major centre parties has waned.
Mr Merkel said she took “full responsibility” for poor performance, and made clear she would not handpick her successor as party leader.
Merkel’s long goodbye
By Jenny Hill, BBC’s Berlin correspondent
Angela Merkel did her best to maintain her famous poker face but at times she looked rather sad as she announced what amounted to an official – albeit drawn-out – farewell to German politics.
She has always insisted that if she is to lead Germany, she must also lead her party.
The announcement is intended to silence critics in her party and win back the voters who have deserted the CDU in favour of parties like AfD and the Greens, but it also reflects her dwindling grip on power.
Much depends on her successor as party leader. If it is a loyalist – like Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer – Germany might see a smooth transition to a new chancellor, possibly allowing Mrs Merkel to see out her term.
But the vultures are circling. Already an old rival, Friedrich Merz, has announced his candidacy. If one of Mrs Merkel’s adversaries prevails as party leader, her chancellorship becomes uncomfortable and possibly untenable.